|137mHz APT QUADRAFILAR ANTENNA|
Assembled 137mHz qadrafilar
Assembled 137mHz qadrafilar
Model of balun and feed connection (Self-starting screws were used on production unit.)
The first result(NOAA 15 on 990129 at 1545)
During construction. Note the temporary spacers to form the helices. At lower left the reinforcing disk and sleave for the lower end of the body curing inside a temporary holding sleave. Sleaves are made of split pipe.
Balun and feed connection
Female UHF connector in recessed bottom stiffening plate
120cm 110mm dia PVC tube - main body 15cm 32mm dia PVC tube - balun and feed connection watertight end-cap for top PVC siffening disk and sleave for lower end of main body 10cm 110 dia PVC tube for sleave around stiffening disk 5m 8mm mini-bore copper tube 20cm 5mm or less stiff wire short length of 1-1.5mm copper wire 8 2.5x10mm stainless steel self-starting screws 1 female UHF chassis connector 8 8mm PG-glands (PG-9) 150cm RG-58 coax cable for balun and local feed Silicon sealant
helical bottom top height elements elements elements Long loop 2x812 1x374 2x181 560 Short loop 2x758 1x356 2x172 512
Drill and thread holes for PG-glands at 90° angles and same level at top of main body tube. Drill and thread holes 512 and 560mm below. Screw glands on place with silicon sealant.
Cut all copper tubing for loops to size with 45° angles at ends in addtion to dimensions above.
Mount both lower horizontal elements and corresponding top split elements on main body tube. Cut to size a series of spacers of wood (about 4) to secure helical elements while fixing. Insert stiffening wire at end of upper and lower elements, bend to 90° as joint reinforcement. Shape half-turn helical element and fix temporarily with spacers and bungee strap. Weld end joints. (Weld can be omitted for soldered 90° copper elbows if available.) Mount and weld one helical element in turn. Wrap horizontal part of loop entering the PG-gland with wet rag to absorb heat and prevent damage to gland while welding.
Cut lower reinforcing disk to size and glue inside a guiding sleave of 10cm 110 PVC with slot along its entire length. Drill hole for UHF chassis connector and drill 2mm hole for self-starting screw to fix coax shield to chassis connector.
Drill 4 8mm holes at 90° angles in one plane of 32mm pipe for balun and feed connector. Drill two 5mm holes in side of pipe 4 turns of coax above each other. Drill holes for self-starting screws in inner ends of upper elements of both half-turn helical loops. Form and solder loops at either end of 2 short lengths of copper wire for connector bridges. Thread coax inside 32mm balun pipe, out through lower 5mm hole, forming 4 turns of cable then in through upper 5mm hole. Strip and clean upper end and solder connector bridges to core and shield.
Loosen glands and retract upper elements of loops to enter balun pipe. Screw connector bridges in place. Tighten glands making sure elements do not short. Connect lower end of feed to chassis connecter.
Fix watertight top cover with 2 self-starting screws. Fix sleave and reinforcing disk in lower end with self-starting screw.
The main difference from Sykes & Cobey's model is the 110mm rather than 32mm pipe main body, the PG-glands and the simple copper wire connector bridges. The substantially larger diameter pipe and glands were adopted to provide a stiffer and more weather resistant construction for use in Norway, where build-up of snow and ice are a real hazard. The large main body would also provide a dry housing for a signal amplifier if needed. With the much stiffer construction the PCB disc end connector was replaced with the much simpler copper wire bridge.
This version of the 135mHz quadrafilar antenna for APT reception is an adaptation from Bill Sykes and Bob Cobey's article Taming the QFH which appeared in the March 1997 RIG magazine. Thanks to John Makkinje (firstname.lastname@example.org) who provided valuable advice and the Syke's and Cobey article.
Børre Ludvigsen (email@example.com) - 990125
firstname.lastname@example.org - pgp public key